een foto van voor en na van een EV die in de brand staat en daarna geblust is door de brandweer

The Battle between Water and Lithium-ion in Combating EV Fires

In a rapidly changing world where electric vehicles (EVs) are claiming a larger share of the automotive industry, it is crucial to understand the unique challenges our brave first responders face when fighting an EV fire. It's a complex form of firefighting, and what makes it even more intriguing is that plain water isn't enough to extinguish these fires.

Why is Water a Challenge?

EVs are powered by lithium-ion batteries, which contain lithium, a highly reactive metal. When lithium comes into contact with water, it can cause violent chemical reactions, including fire and even explosions. This is due to lithium's high reactivity with water, where water molecules break down into hydrogen gas and oxygen gas, serving as fuel for a potentially dangerous fire.

But it doesn't end there. Water, as we all know, is an excellent conductor of electricity. If water comes into contact with the electrical components of a lit EV battery, it can lead to electrical short circuits, worsening the situation. It's like throwing a pool party on electrical wires, and the results are anything but refreshing.

The Abundance of Water that is Needed

Putting out a burning electric car is no easy task. In some cases, it takes more than 10,000 gallons of water just to cool the battery and keep those flaming reactions at bay. Imagine needing a swimming pool full of water to fight a car fire! 🏊‍♂️ But sometimes you need more than just water guns in battle. Special firefighting equipment and tactics may be necessary to smother the flames and prevent the situation from escalating further.

The Balance between Safety and Effectiveness

When it comes to fighting EV fires, it's all about finding a balance between safety and effectiveness. Water, while a commonly used extinguishing agent, can sometimes have the opposite effect when lithium-ion batteries are involved. Understanding the chemical reactions and applying proper firefighting methods is essential to controlling the fire and ensuring the safety of responders and spectators.

In a world that is rapidly embracing technology and pursuing sustainable mobility, it is vital that we remain vigilant and adapt. Only then can we effectively address the emerging challenges of firefighting in electric vehicles.

*Source: HLN

Let's Take Action Together!

Now that we are aware of the challenges in combating EV fires, let's work together to address these issues and promote safety. Share this article with your friends, colleagues and followers to raise awareness. Together we can spread knowledge and contribute to the safety of our communities. Get involved and make a difference!

Minimize Additional Damage: The EV fire blanket concept

When an EV catches fire, there is often not much we can do to save the electric vehicle itself. Still, a crucial aspect of fighting EV fires is minimizing collateral damage as much as possible. In many cases, other cars or vehicles are parked nearby when a fire breaks out, such as in parking lots or parking garages.

To ensure that the fire is limited to one vehicle and does not spread to adjacent cars, the concept of the EV fire blanket comes into play. Instead of immediately trying to extinguish the fire, the EV fire blanket first focuses on isolating the fire. This approach provides valuable time to safely move the vehicle to a secure location without the risk of damage to other vehicles or property.

This method is particularly effective in situations such as underground car parks, on ferries or car transporters, where a quick response is crucial to prevent large-scale damage.

Let's work together to raise awareness and promote safety so we can be better prepared to meet the challenges of firefighting in electric vehicles. Get involved and make a difference!

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